Acoma and Laguna Pueblos share their language, high school, and neighbors. Both share Saint Jose, a Spanish painting. In 1530, Father Ramirez brought a painting of San Jose to Acoma. The people of the Laguna and Acoma thought it had magical powers, and credited it for their prosperity. The ensuing drought and disease decimated the community in Laguna.
The Acoma and Laguna Pueblos have multistory dwellings built on a sandstone mesa. The upper levels were used for storage, and the lower levels were used for ceremonial chambers and storage. Acoma is the oldest continuously inhabited community in the United States. It is home to the Navajo Weavers, and has a museum showcasing Navajo rugs and other pieces.
The Acoma and Laguna people speak Keresan, which is a similar language to Spanish. The Zuni and Hopi speak Zuni, which is a Uto-Aztecan language. The village of Hano, in the western part of the city, was built by former Tewa refugees who emigrated from the Rio Grande. It is the most important relic of the Mesa Verde and Acoma cultures.
The Acoma and Laguna speak Keresan, and the Hopi and Zuni languages are related to each other. Both tribes speak English. In addition to the Spanish language, the Acoma and Laguna Pueblos speak Keresan and Western Keresan. The Acomas also have their own unique dialect, known as Keresan. Most of the elders do not speak English.
The Acoma and Laguna Pueblos’ history dates back to 1699. The Acoma Indians settled near the river to farm and hunt. Residents of other pueblos were soon joined by the Acoma. Governor Cubero’s visit in July 1699 officially established the Laguna as a permanent settlement. Initially, the Acoma and the Laguna had 19 separate clans, but many of these are now extinct.
The Acoma and Laguna Pueblos are largely rural, with little development. However, uranium mining became an important economic engine after the 1950 discovery of uranium. Aside from the mesas, the villages of Acoma and Laguna also have a craft industry and a tribal casino along Interstate 40. The town is also home to a 1639 Franciscan Church, and the pottery produced in the village is famous for its thin walls.
Acoma and Laguna Pueblos have close ties. Acoma is located in the Rio San Jose river basin, while Laguna is nearer the Rio Puerco. Acoma and Laguna have similar cultural traditions and share a high school. There are many similarities between the two communities. Acoma is the most populated, and the Laguna is the largest of the two. This region is located in the Southwest of the United States.